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Lecture Notes : Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat.

By: Clarke, Ray.
Contributor(s): Clarke, Ray.
Material type: Computer fileComputer fileSeries: Lecture Notes Ser: Publisher: New Delhi India WILEY-BLACKWELL 2014Edition: 11th ed.Description: electronic text (242 pages) ILL 23 cm.ISBN: 9781118766064.Subject(s): Diseases of the Ear, Nose and ThroatAdditional physical formats: Print version:: Lecture Notes: Diseases of the Ear, Nose and ThroatDDC classification: 617.51 Online resources: View online
Contents:
Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat: Lecture Notes -- Contents -- Preface -- How to use your textbook -- About the companion website -- Part 1 The ear, hearing and balance -- 1 The ear: applied basic science -- The pinna -- The external auditory meatus or ear canal -- The tympanic membrane or eardrum (Fig. 1.2) -- The tympanic cavity or middle ear -- The Eustachian tube -- The inner ear -- The facial nerve -- The mastoid cells -- The mechanism of hearing (Fig. 1.4) -- 2 Clinical examination of the ear -- 3 Testing the hearing -- Clinical assessment of the degree of deafness -- Tuning fork tests -- Conductive deafness (Fig. 3.2) -- Sensorineural deafness (Fig. 3.2) -- Mixed deafness -- Rinne's test -- Interpretation of Rinne's test -- Weber's test -- Audiometry -- Pure tone audiometry -- Speech audiometry -- Impedance audiometry (tympanometry) -- Evoked response audiometry -- Otoacoustic emissions -- 4 Deafness -- Causes -- The deaf child -- Presbycusis -- Otosclerosis -- Sudden sensorineural deafness -- Vestibular Schwannoma (acoustic neuroma) -- Hearing aids -- Bone-anchored hearing aids -- Cochlear implants -- Lip-reading -- Sign language -- Electronic aids for the deaf -- 5 Conditions of the pinna -- Congenital -- Protruding ears -- Accessory auricles -- Pre-auricular sinus -- Microtia -- Inflammation -- Acute dermatitis -- Perichondritis -- Chondrodermatitis chronicis helicis -- Tumours -- Squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas -- 6 Conditions of the external auditory meatus -- Congenital -- Wax -- Otitis externa -- Causes -- Pathology -- Symptoms -- Signs -- Prevention of recurrence -- Furunculosis -- Symptoms -- Signs -- Exostoses -- Malignant disease -- 7 Otitis media -- Acute otitis media -- Otitis media with effusion -- Chronic otitis media -- Cholesteatoma -- 8 Acute otitis media -- Symptoms -- Earache -- Deafness -- Discharge.
Signs -- Pyrexia -- Tenderness -- The tympanic membrane -- Pathology -- Further management -- Recurrent acute otitis media -- 9 Chronic otitis media -- The perforated ear -- Myringoplasty -- 'Bony' CSOM or cholesteatoma -- 10 Complications of middle-ear infection -- Acute mastoiditis -- Symptoms -- Signs -- Facial paralysis -- Labyrinthitis -- Intracranial complications of otitis media -- Meningitis -- Clinical features -- Brain abscess -- Diagnosis of intracranial sepsis -- Prognosis -- 11 Otitis media with effusion -- Childhood otitis media with effusion -- Prevalence -- Aetiology -- Presentation and effects -- Management of OME -- Adult OME -- 12 Earache (otalgia) -- Aural causes -- Referred earache -- 13 Tinnitus -- 14 Balance disorders -- Applied physiology -- Diagnosis -- Common specific disorders -- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo -- Menière's disease -- Vertebrobasilar insufficiency -- Ototoxic drugs -- Acute labyrinthitis -- Trauma to the labyrinth -- 15 Facial nerve paralysis -- Applied anatomy and physiology -- Clinical diagnosis -- Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis) -- Assessment and investigations -- Ramsay Hunt syndrome -- Part 2 The nose and sinuses -- 16 Clinical examination of the nose and nasopharynx -- Applied basic science -- Functions of the nose -- The sinuses -- Examination of the nose -- Illumination and inspection -- The nasal airway -- Anterior rhinoscopy and nasendoscopy -- 17 The nasal septum -- Septal deviation -- Aetiology -- Effects -- Septal perforation (Fig. 17.4) -- Aetiology -- Effects -- Septal collapse (saddle nose) (Fig. 17.5) -- 18 Acute nose and sinus infections -- Acute coryza -- Nasal vestibulitis -- Furunculosis -- Acute sinus infection -- Aetiology -- Clinical features -- Complications of acute rhinosinusitis -- 19 Tumours of the nose, sinuses and nasopharynx -- Aetiology.
Carcinoma of the maxillary and ethmoidal sinuses -- Clinical features -- Malignant disease of the nasopharynx -- Clinical features -- Other tumours of the nasal region (Fig. 19.1) -- Osteomata -- Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma -- Malignant granuloma -- Malignant melanoma -- 20 Rhinitis and nasal polyps -- Rhinitis -- Prevalence and trends -- Aetiology and classification of rhinitis -- Pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis -- Clinical features -- Nasal polyps -- Differential diagnosis of CRS/NP -- Surgery -- 21 Facial plastic surgery -- Facial skin cancers -- Types of facial skin cancer -- Aesthetic ('cosmetic') facial surgery -- Blepharoplasty -- Rhytidectomy -- Rhinoplasty -- Rhinophyma -- Part 3 The head and neck -- 22 Adenoids -- Applied basic science -- Clinical effects -- Presentation and diagnosis -- Complications -- 23 The oropharynx and tonsils -- Applied basic science -- Acute and chronic pharyngitis (sore throat) -- Acute tonsillitis -- Symptoms -- Signs -- Complications of acute tonsillitis -- Quinsy (peritonsillar abscess) -- Retropharyngeal abscess -- Parapharyngeal abscess -- Rarer forms of acute tonsillitis -- Infectious mononucleosis -- Diphtheria -- Agranulocytosis -- HIV -- Tonsillectomy -- Post-operative care -- Tonsillar enlargement -- Malignant disease of the tonsil and pharynx -- Carcinoma -- Lymphoma -- 24 Snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) -- Predisposing factors -- Adverse effects -- Diagnosis -- Snoring and OSAS in children -- 25 The larynx: applied basic science and examination -- Anatomy of the larynx -- Physiology of the larynx -- Symptoms and signs of laryngeal disease -- Examination of the larynx -- 26 Inflammatory disorders of the larynx -- Acute laryngitis: adults -- Clinical features -- Aetiology -- Predisposing factors -- Acute laryngotracheobronchitis or 'croup' in children.
Acute epiglottitis (children) -- Clinical features -- Adult epiglottitis in adults ('supraglottitis') -- Laryngeal diphtheria -- Chronic laryngitis (Fig. 26.1) -- Chronic granulomatous laryngitis -- 27 Head and neck cancer -- Aetiology -- Risk factors -- Presentation -- Disease spread and staging -- SCC of the larynx -- SCC of the pharynx and oral cavity -- 28 Voice disorders -- Symptoms of voice disorders -- 'Muscle tension' dysphonia (MTD) -- Factors that contribute to muscle tension dysphonia -- Vocal cord nodules -- Inflammatory lesions -- Vocal cord paralysis -- Bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy -- 29 The pharynx and upper oesophagus -- Applied basic science -- Clinical features of pharyngooesophageal disorders -- Pharyngeal pouch ('hypopharyngeal diverticulum') -- Clinical features -- Investigation -- Globus pharyngeus -- Oesophageal disorders -- 30 Tracheostomy -- Indications for tracheostomy -- Airway obstruction -- Some causes of upper airway obstruction -- Protection of the tracheobronchial tube -- To facilitate artificial ventilation -- After-care of the tracheotomy -- Nursing care -- Position -- Suction -- Humidification -- Tube changing -- Decannulation -- Complications -- 31 Diseases of the salivary glands -- Applied basic science -- Parotid gland -- The submandibular salivary gland -- The minor salivary glands -- History-taking -- Examination of the salivary glands -- Investigation -- Inflammation of the salivary glands (sialadenitis) -- Mumps -- Acute suppurative parotitis -- Acute sialadenitis -- Salivary calculi -- Recurrent acute inflammation -- Chronic inflammation -- Salivary retention cysts -- Sjögren's syndrome -- Salivary gland tumours -- Benign tumours -- Malignant tumours -- Drooling -- 32 Neck lumps -- Lymph nodes -- Acute cervical adenopathy -- Treatment of acute cervical adenopathy.
Persistently enlarged lymph nodes -- Indications for referral -- Investigations -- Thyroid gland swellings (goitre) -- Investigation -- Thyroglossal cyst -- Part 4 ENT emergencies -- 33 Injuries of the ear and temporal bone -- The pinna and external ear -- Penetrating injuries -- Blunt injuries (haematoma auris) -- The eardrum -- Haemotympanum -- Perforated eardrum -- Fractures of the temporal bone -- 34 Nasal emergencies -- Epistaxis -- Applied basic science -- Aetiology -- Foreign body in the nose -- 35 Airway obstruction -- Measures that may help support the patient until the obstruction is overcome -- 36 Airway obstruction in infants and children -- Causes of upper airway obstruction in infancy -- Supralaryngeal causes -- Laryngo-tracheal causes -- 37 Pharyngeal and oesophageal ingested foreign bodies -- Clinical features -- 38 Neck trauma -- Types of trauma -- Diagnosis -- 39 Maxillofacial trauma -- Features of nasal injury -- Fracture of the nasal bones (Fig. 39.1) -- Clinical features -- Injuries of the maxilla -- LeFort fractures -- Zygomatic bone or 'malar' fracture -- Orbital 'blow-out' fracture (Fig. 39.5) -- Fractures of the mandible (Figs 39.6 and 39.7) -- Index.
Summary: The new edition of Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat Lecture Notes provides an updated and comprehensive overview of one of the fastest growing specialties in medicine. New features include:  A revamped layout and structure comprising four sections: The ear, hearing and balance, The nose and sinuses, The head and neck and ENT emergencies  Additional content including facial plastic surgery, emergencies and maxillofacial trauma, and 50 brand new illustrations and images  Treatment and management now highlighted for quick reference The brand new companion website at www.lecturenoteseries.com/ENT features over 100 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), key revision points, and links to further online resources. Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat Lecture Notes is ideal for the busy medical student new to this area or as a useful review and revision aid later in their course.
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617.51 CLA-L 2014 505317 (Browse shelf) Available 505317
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include Index

Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat: Lecture Notes -- Contents -- Preface -- How to use your textbook -- About the companion website -- Part 1 The ear, hearing and balance -- 1 The ear: applied basic science -- The pinna -- The external auditory meatus or ear canal -- The tympanic membrane or eardrum (Fig. 1.2) -- The tympanic cavity or middle ear -- The Eustachian tube -- The inner ear -- The facial nerve -- The mastoid cells -- The mechanism of hearing (Fig. 1.4) -- 2 Clinical examination of the ear -- 3 Testing the hearing -- Clinical assessment of the degree of deafness -- Tuning fork tests -- Conductive deafness (Fig. 3.2) -- Sensorineural deafness (Fig. 3.2) -- Mixed deafness -- Rinne's test -- Interpretation of Rinne's test -- Weber's test -- Audiometry -- Pure tone audiometry -- Speech audiometry -- Impedance audiometry (tympanometry) -- Evoked response audiometry -- Otoacoustic emissions -- 4 Deafness -- Causes -- The deaf child -- Presbycusis -- Otosclerosis -- Sudden sensorineural deafness -- Vestibular Schwannoma (acoustic neuroma) -- Hearing aids -- Bone-anchored hearing aids -- Cochlear implants -- Lip-reading -- Sign language -- Electronic aids for the deaf -- 5 Conditions of the pinna -- Congenital -- Protruding ears -- Accessory auricles -- Pre-auricular sinus -- Microtia -- Inflammation -- Acute dermatitis -- Perichondritis -- Chondrodermatitis chronicis helicis -- Tumours -- Squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas -- 6 Conditions of the external auditory meatus -- Congenital -- Wax -- Otitis externa -- Causes -- Pathology -- Symptoms -- Signs -- Prevention of recurrence -- Furunculosis -- Symptoms -- Signs -- Exostoses -- Malignant disease -- 7 Otitis media -- Acute otitis media -- Otitis media with effusion -- Chronic otitis media -- Cholesteatoma -- 8 Acute otitis media -- Symptoms -- Earache -- Deafness -- Discharge.

Signs -- Pyrexia -- Tenderness -- The tympanic membrane -- Pathology -- Further management -- Recurrent acute otitis media -- 9 Chronic otitis media -- The perforated ear -- Myringoplasty -- 'Bony' CSOM or cholesteatoma -- 10 Complications of middle-ear infection -- Acute mastoiditis -- Symptoms -- Signs -- Facial paralysis -- Labyrinthitis -- Intracranial complications of otitis media -- Meningitis -- Clinical features -- Brain abscess -- Diagnosis of intracranial sepsis -- Prognosis -- 11 Otitis media with effusion -- Childhood otitis media with effusion -- Prevalence -- Aetiology -- Presentation and effects -- Management of OME -- Adult OME -- 12 Earache (otalgia) -- Aural causes -- Referred earache -- 13 Tinnitus -- 14 Balance disorders -- Applied physiology -- Diagnosis -- Common specific disorders -- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo -- Menière's disease -- Vertebrobasilar insufficiency -- Ototoxic drugs -- Acute labyrinthitis -- Trauma to the labyrinth -- 15 Facial nerve paralysis -- Applied anatomy and physiology -- Clinical diagnosis -- Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis) -- Assessment and investigations -- Ramsay Hunt syndrome -- Part 2 The nose and sinuses -- 16 Clinical examination of the nose and nasopharynx -- Applied basic science -- Functions of the nose -- The sinuses -- Examination of the nose -- Illumination and inspection -- The nasal airway -- Anterior rhinoscopy and nasendoscopy -- 17 The nasal septum -- Septal deviation -- Aetiology -- Effects -- Septal perforation (Fig. 17.4) -- Aetiology -- Effects -- Septal collapse (saddle nose) (Fig. 17.5) -- 18 Acute nose and sinus infections -- Acute coryza -- Nasal vestibulitis -- Furunculosis -- Acute sinus infection -- Aetiology -- Clinical features -- Complications of acute rhinosinusitis -- 19 Tumours of the nose, sinuses and nasopharynx -- Aetiology.

Carcinoma of the maxillary and ethmoidal sinuses -- Clinical features -- Malignant disease of the nasopharynx -- Clinical features -- Other tumours of the nasal region (Fig. 19.1) -- Osteomata -- Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma -- Malignant granuloma -- Malignant melanoma -- 20 Rhinitis and nasal polyps -- Rhinitis -- Prevalence and trends -- Aetiology and classification of rhinitis -- Pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis -- Clinical features -- Nasal polyps -- Differential diagnosis of CRS/NP -- Surgery -- 21 Facial plastic surgery -- Facial skin cancers -- Types of facial skin cancer -- Aesthetic ('cosmetic') facial surgery -- Blepharoplasty -- Rhytidectomy -- Rhinoplasty -- Rhinophyma -- Part 3 The head and neck -- 22 Adenoids -- Applied basic science -- Clinical effects -- Presentation and diagnosis -- Complications -- 23 The oropharynx and tonsils -- Applied basic science -- Acute and chronic pharyngitis (sore throat) -- Acute tonsillitis -- Symptoms -- Signs -- Complications of acute tonsillitis -- Quinsy (peritonsillar abscess) -- Retropharyngeal abscess -- Parapharyngeal abscess -- Rarer forms of acute tonsillitis -- Infectious mononucleosis -- Diphtheria -- Agranulocytosis -- HIV -- Tonsillectomy -- Post-operative care -- Tonsillar enlargement -- Malignant disease of the tonsil and pharynx -- Carcinoma -- Lymphoma -- 24 Snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) -- Predisposing factors -- Adverse effects -- Diagnosis -- Snoring and OSAS in children -- 25 The larynx: applied basic science and examination -- Anatomy of the larynx -- Physiology of the larynx -- Symptoms and signs of laryngeal disease -- Examination of the larynx -- 26 Inflammatory disorders of the larynx -- Acute laryngitis: adults -- Clinical features -- Aetiology -- Predisposing factors -- Acute laryngotracheobronchitis or 'croup' in children.

Acute epiglottitis (children) -- Clinical features -- Adult epiglottitis in adults ('supraglottitis') -- Laryngeal diphtheria -- Chronic laryngitis (Fig. 26.1) -- Chronic granulomatous laryngitis -- 27 Head and neck cancer -- Aetiology -- Risk factors -- Presentation -- Disease spread and staging -- SCC of the larynx -- SCC of the pharynx and oral cavity -- 28 Voice disorders -- Symptoms of voice disorders -- 'Muscle tension' dysphonia (MTD) -- Factors that contribute to muscle tension dysphonia -- Vocal cord nodules -- Inflammatory lesions -- Vocal cord paralysis -- Bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy -- 29 The pharynx and upper oesophagus -- Applied basic science -- Clinical features of pharyngooesophageal disorders -- Pharyngeal pouch ('hypopharyngeal diverticulum') -- Clinical features -- Investigation -- Globus pharyngeus -- Oesophageal disorders -- 30 Tracheostomy -- Indications for tracheostomy -- Airway obstruction -- Some causes of upper airway obstruction -- Protection of the tracheobronchial tube -- To facilitate artificial ventilation -- After-care of the tracheotomy -- Nursing care -- Position -- Suction -- Humidification -- Tube changing -- Decannulation -- Complications -- 31 Diseases of the salivary glands -- Applied basic science -- Parotid gland -- The submandibular salivary gland -- The minor salivary glands -- History-taking -- Examination of the salivary glands -- Investigation -- Inflammation of the salivary glands (sialadenitis) -- Mumps -- Acute suppurative parotitis -- Acute sialadenitis -- Salivary calculi -- Recurrent acute inflammation -- Chronic inflammation -- Salivary retention cysts -- Sjögren's syndrome -- Salivary gland tumours -- Benign tumours -- Malignant tumours -- Drooling -- 32 Neck lumps -- Lymph nodes -- Acute cervical adenopathy -- Treatment of acute cervical adenopathy.

Persistently enlarged lymph nodes -- Indications for referral -- Investigations -- Thyroid gland swellings (goitre) -- Investigation -- Thyroglossal cyst -- Part 4 ENT emergencies -- 33 Injuries of the ear and temporal bone -- The pinna and external ear -- Penetrating injuries -- Blunt injuries (haematoma auris) -- The eardrum -- Haemotympanum -- Perforated eardrum -- Fractures of the temporal bone -- 34 Nasal emergencies -- Epistaxis -- Applied basic science -- Aetiology -- Foreign body in the nose -- 35 Airway obstruction -- Measures that may help support the patient until the obstruction is overcome -- 36 Airway obstruction in infants and children -- Causes of upper airway obstruction in infancy -- Supralaryngeal causes -- Laryngo-tracheal causes -- 37 Pharyngeal and oesophageal ingested foreign bodies -- Clinical features -- 38 Neck trauma -- Types of trauma -- Diagnosis -- 39 Maxillofacial trauma -- Features of nasal injury -- Fracture of the nasal bones (Fig. 39.1) -- Clinical features -- Injuries of the maxilla -- LeFort fractures -- Zygomatic bone or 'malar' fracture -- Orbital 'blow-out' fracture (Fig. 39.5) -- Fractures of the mandible (Figs 39.6 and 39.7) -- Index.

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The new edition of Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat Lecture Notes provides an updated and comprehensive overview of one of the fastest growing specialties in medicine. New features include:  A revamped layout and structure comprising four sections: The ear, hearing and balance, The nose and sinuses, The head and neck and ENT emergencies  Additional content including facial plastic surgery, emergencies and maxillofacial trauma, and 50 brand new illustrations and images  Treatment and management now highlighted for quick reference The brand new companion website at www.lecturenoteseries.com/ENT features over 100 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), key revision points, and links to further online resources. Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat Lecture Notes is ideal for the busy medical student new to this area or as a useful review and revision aid later in their course.

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